The NFB is committed to respecting your privacy

We use cookies to ensure that our site works efficiently, as well as for advertising purposes.

If you do not wish to have your information used in this way, you can modify your browser settings before continuing your visit.

Learn more


| 9 min

Norman McLaren and Grant Munro use three different animation techniques to provide visual representations of canons in a film designed to teach viewers about this ancient musical form. The soundtrack combines both recorded classical music and sounds produced by a synthesizer.

  • director
    Norman McLaren
    Grant Munro
  • optical effects
    J. Gillissie
  • camera
    Robert Humble
  • sound
    Ron Alexander
  • music
    Eldon Rathburn


Enjoy the NFB experience on your favourite device. 


Ages 6 to 15

Study Guide - Guide 1

Arts Education - Dance
Arts Education - Music
Arts Education - Visual Arts

For younger students, teach and play hand games as in the film to reinforce concept of turn-taking in music. Perform a dance/create artwork using repetition. For older students, pre-teach concepts of form, register, tempo, timbre; have them identify these during the film. Identify composers or other artists who use canon, counterpoint, fugue, inversion, etc. in their work. Have advanced students produce acoustic/electronic pieces using one of these devices.

Also available

Embed this code on your site

Video player width

by Reset