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Minoru: Memory of Exile

Minoru: Memory of Exile

| 18 min

The bombing of the American naval base at Pearl Harbor thrust 9-year-old Minoru Fukushima into a world of racism so malevolent he would be forced to leave Canada, the land of his birth. Like thousands of other Japanese Canadians, Minoru and his family were branded as an enemy of Canada, dispatched to internment camps in British Columbia and finally deported to Japan. Directed by Michael Fukushima, Minoru's son, the film combines classical animation with archival material. The memories of the father are interspersed with the voice of the son, weaving a tale of a birthright lost and recovered.

  • director
    Michael Fukushima
  • animation
    Michael Fukushima
  • producer
    William Pettigrew
  • executive producer
    Barrie McLean
    Douglas MacDonald
  • animation camera
    Jacques Avoine
    Raymond Dumas
    Lynda Pelley
  • sound editing
    Normand Roger
  • re-recording
    Jean-Pierre Joutel
  • narrator
    Minoru Fukushima


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Ages 12 to 17

Mini-Lesson - Minoru: Memory of Exile

Study Guides - Guide 1 | Guide 2

Diversity - Identity
History - World War II
History and Citizenship Education - Culture and Currents of Thought (1500-present)
Media Education - Film Animation

This is a film about identity - both its fragility and its immutability. What does it mean to be a Canadian? Or Japanese? How can someone's identity be taken away? Minoru fought to be Canadian. Have students discuss what that might mean to them. Can students look to their own families to find stories of a struggle for identity? Why is it so important for us to choose our own fates and our own identities?

Minoru: Memory of Exile
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